This Annex contains detailed information on the 15 INHERIT case studies, available by clicking the symbol in each box.

The Food Garden

Community garden providing organic food for low-income families, staffed by volunteers from vulnerable groups. Provides healthy and sustainable food, work activation and garden education opportunities for vulnerable populations, and increased green space in an urban area.


Small-scale farmers sell healthy products directly to consumers through an online platform, highlighting the benefits of an alternative economic model that focuses on a short circuit of food production and consumption. The farmers’ wellbeing and individual empowerment is positively affected. PROVE is aiming to expand to distribute its products to schools


An integrated city approach to ensure healthy sustainable food to low-income populations. Demonstrates how different sectors and organisations can work synergistically together to implement actions towards healthy eating.


Training programme for teachers to bring children outdoors and educate them about food production. Grew from 1 pilot to over 400 programmes across 3 countries.

Gardening with Green Gyms and Meat Free Mondays

Initiative providing children with opportunities to connect to nature and consume healthy foods. Benefited in particular children with learning difficulties/autism and children who struggle with work in the classroom.

Sustainable Food in Public Schools

Initiative under which nursery schools in Madrid provide healthy sustainable food to children. Assessed as economically beneficial (the potential benefits exceed the costs in a ratio of approximately six to one).

Malvik Path

Three-kilometer path created from a disused railway. Increasingly used since opening, by lower socio-economic groups. Assessed as economically beneficial, after only a year of use.

Restructuring Residential Outdoor Areas

Initiative to restructure a courtyard in a low-income neighbourhood in Stockholm, which could have benefited from the closer involvement of local authorities.

Restructuring Green Space

Restructured communal outdoor space in a low-income urban neighbourhood in Breda, carried out through a long-term collaborative approach between different stakeholders, including citizens. The restructuring led to an increase in the use of the space.

Thinking Fadura

Previously a fee-only green space, now open to the general public. Increasingly used since opening, with lower socio-economic groups standing to benefit most. Assessed as economically beneficial (net present value of around €1.2 million).


Development of peer-to-peer training about household energy saving and waste disposal strategies among refugees in the city of Pforzheim, Germany. Evaluation results highlight the need for sensitivity to take into account educational and language barriers, and the necessity for innovative evaluation methods taking into account the specific characteristics of the target group (such as unstable residency status).

Retrospective analysis of Energy Efficiency Investments

Considered the costs and benefits of four energy efficiency measures (loft insulation, double glazing, draught-proofing and boiler replacement) targeting low-income households in the UK, with a focus on their link to health. Results highlight that although the impacts on the environment are likely to be unambiguously positive, due to energy and carbon savings, the picture for health is more mixed, potentially contributing to increased health inequalities.

Lifestyle e-coaching

Motivates users of a lifestyle app to engage in physical activity. Targets disadvantaged populations, and is particularly effective in those with low-levels of initial activity.

Urban Cyclers

Aims to promote regular cycling, through a combination of cycling maps, route planner, turn-by-turn navigation, smart gamification features and financial rewards. Suggests that investing in technological devices can encourage active transport. Ideally, it should be paired with changes in infrastructure.

Place Standard

A simple framework to enable people to think about and discuss, in a methodical way, the place in which they live. The Mayor’s support was crucial in Skopje.

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More information on the implementation of each individual INHERIT case study is available in:
A report and article drawing out elements of good practice are also available:
  • ReportBell, R., Khan, M., Romeo-Velilla, M., et al. (2019) Creating triple-wins for health, equity and environmental sustainability: Elements of good practice based on learning from the INHERIT case studies
  • Article: Bell, R., Khan, M., Romeo-Velilla, M., et al. (2019) Ten lessons for good practice for the INHERIT triple-win: Health, Equity, and Environmental Sustainability. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 16(22), 4546.
Qualitative, quantitative and cost-benefit analyses of the case studies will be published in March 2020, on the INHERIT website.